The Effects Of Poverty On Youth And Adolescents Essay

1470 Words Nov 8th, 2014 6 Pages
The Effects of Poverty on Youth and Adolescents and the Correlation to Juvenile Delinquency
Poverty is prevalent in many different communities in the United States and has been linked to a variety of weakened outcomes among youth and adolescents (Huston, 1994; Yoshikawa, Aber, & Beardslee, 2012).These weakened outcomes include the onset of various mental health and physical health disorders, decreased academic achievement, and higher rates of involvement in juvenile crime (Wadsworth, 2008). This paper will look further into how poverty directly and indirectly correlates to the weakened outcomes of each of these specific factors among youth and adolescents. It will also pose an emphasis on how poverty, along with each of these weakened outcomes, are likely to correlate to one becoming a juvenile delinquent.
Poverty is described as the lack of means (Aber, Jones, & Raver, 2007; Yoshikawa, Aber, & Beardslee, 2012). To determine who is actually living in poverty, there is a federal poverty line, which is about $22,000 for a family of four. Other definitions of poverty are relative poverty, which is defined as falling below 50% or 60% of the national median household income, and also subjective poverty (defined as falling below a subjective perception of “the amount of income it takes to barely get by) (Yoshikawa, Aber, & Beardslee, 2012). The most common type of poverty is absolute poverty, which is when families fall below the external standard of the cost of meeting the most…

Related Documents