The Effects Of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders In Veterans

1437 Words 6 Pages
There is an estimate of 23.4 million veterans in the United States and about 2.2 million military service members. Due to the demanding environments of military life and experiences of combat, personnel experience some sort of mental illness at some point throughout or after their military career. Service members are faced with sexual trauma, depression, stress, brain injuries, suicide, substance abuse, homelessness, and/or involvement with the criminal justice systems. Approximately 18.5% of service have post-traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) or depression and 19.5% experience a traumatic brain injury (TBI) during deployment.
Only about 50% of returning service members who need mental health treatment seek it, while more than half who receive treatment receive the adequate care that is effective. Between 2004 and 2006, 7.1% of U.S. veterans met the criteria for a substance use disorder. The Army suicide rate reached an all-time high in 2012. Over the last 5 years from 2005 to 2009, statistics have shown that more than 1,100 members of the Armed Forces took their own lives. The average of suicide of counted for 1 suicide for every 36 hours (SAMHSA, 2016).
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Researchers listed the rival causes of PTSD as: experiences of traumatic events such as assaults, accidents, natural disasters, rapes, and life threatening situations. The PTSD has become more prevalent among military service members and veterans who have served in combat. The DSM-IV criteria informs professionals and clients that in order for someone to be diagnosed with PTSD, they must have experienced reoccurring traumatic memories, effects from avoidance symptoms, heightened anxiety, difficulty sleeping, and irritableness (Spoont, et al.,

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