The Effects of Parental Relationship and Parent-Child Relationship on Adolescents’ Self-Esteem in Divorce Family

5052 Words Sep 23rd, 2012 21 Pages
The Effects of Parental Relationship and Parent-Child Relationship on
Adolescents’ Self-esteem in Divorce Family

Abstract
Past western researches have shown support on the associations of parental and parent-child relationships towards adolescents’ self-esteem (SE) in intact and divorce families. Some theories attributed that the qualities of these relationships do have influences on how adolescent evaluate themselves. Our research proposal will analyze the effects of these two relationships on adolescents’ SE by conducting a survey.
Research Objective
A study derives a suggestion in terms of whether the qualities of parent-child relationship and parental relationship have effects on the SE of the adolescents who live in an intact
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Research suggests that greater social support can protect adolescents from the negative impacts of parental conflicts on psychological adjustment (Rogers & Holmbeck, 1997). Another study found that for adolescents exposed to marital discord, a positive relationship with siblings or an adult outside of the family (e.g., relative, teacher) can lower adjustment problems (Jenkins & Smith, 1990). Few studies, nevertheless, have examined the potential mediating role of social support on the relationship between parental conflict and adolescents’ SE problems. Social support might mediate this relationship owing to the impacts that parental conflict has on children’s sources of support within the family. Parental conflicts, thereby, can lead to the development of a higher or a moderate level SE towards adolescents.

Despite of the positive effects of parental conflicts in the aforementioned theories, there are much more theorists emphasize on the negative effects on adolescents’ SE that marital conflicts are capable to generate.

The cognitive framework proposes mediates between parental conflict and adolescents’ SE which is based on adolescents’ recognitions and interpretations of their parents’ conflicts (Grych & Fincham, 1990). Instead of being passive observers of their parents’ conflicts, they are more likely to try to understand and to

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