Opioid Research Paper

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An Opioid is a medication that lessens pain; this is achieved by reducing the intensity of pain signals from the central nervous system’s location, inside the amygdala, which controls emotion which will decrease the effects of pain slowly. An example of these types of medication is Hydrocodone, Oxycodone, Morphine, Codeine, and other drugs with related functions. They are often prescribed for a variety of painful conditions as well as before and after surgery. However, all of these are used recreationally and have entirely different names for each one. Their prescription names are: “Actiq, Duragesic, Sublimaze, OxyContin, Percodan, Percocet, Tylox, Dilaudid” (“What Are Opioids? List of Opioids - Opioid Drugs ...”, 2016), however, their street …show more content…
However, when misused, the intake of an opioid is melted then put into the vein through the syringe. Since it is placed directly into the bloodstream, the short and long term effects are amplified, and the retention of the use, however, is shortened. The short term effects are a type of “high” which attach to proteins by reducing the perception of pain to the body. This “high” or euphoric response develops by appeasing the reward center in your brain. Unfortunately, the long-term effects aren’t as fulfilling as the short term effects such as nausea, vomiting, stomach bloating, constipation, liver damage, brain damage, a development of tolerance to the drug, and a dependence toward the drug. The after effects of taking the drugs through a syringe also amplifies the long term effects creating more severe problems such as heart problems, pulmonary embolisms, and if there is an infection gangrene can …show more content…
Naloxone is an antidote that negates opioids almost instantly (“Narcan | Naloxone | The Opiate Antidote to Save a Life,” 2016). This reverses all of the effects of an opioid and is used in emergency situations in which an overdose occurs. This antidote is injected directly into a muscle, under the skin or into a vein through an IV (“Narcan | Naloxone | The Opiate Antidote to Save a Life,” 2016). Injections are made every two to three minutes if there is no change due to the patient’s tolerance. Although there are benefits to this there are also negative outcomes. Those who abuse opioids that know of naloxone may be more prone to overdose knowing that this antidote exists to save them. Alternatively, those who overdose and do not know naloxone exists might come out of their high, angry and violent at the people who injected them. Those who overdose might see this as a negative since they spent money to feel a sense of high and get it taken away without knowing that their lives had just been

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