The Effects Of Maternal Deprivation During Infancy On Human Social And Emotional Development
When considering the question, of whether maternal deprivation in infancy has long-term effects on human social and emotional development, we have to first understand what social and emotional development is, and the psychological approaches which study these aspects.
Psychosocial psychology, studies how a persons thoughts, emotions and behaviours evolve in response to their social environment. When looking at social development, we are specifically studying how children develop attachments and how they communicate and interact, within and around these attachments.
Attachment can be defined as a “long-enduring, emotionally meaningful tie to a particular individual” (AQA Psychology for AS,2008, pp34). An important component of studying attachment is the focus on how much of our behaviour is within our control.
The term 'Nature vs Nurture ' is used to describe the debate about whether our development is most influenced by biological factors or by our environment. Nurture theorists suggest that we learn from our environment.
Behaviourism, through the work of BF Skinner and Pavlov (CGP AS-Level Psychology,2011, pp28-29), gave birth to the concepts of operant and/or classical conditioning (learning from the consequences of behaviours and learning from associations, respectively). Behaviourists traditionally believe that…