Essay on The Effects Of Low Birth Weight On Infants

1355 Words Mar 29th, 2016 null Page
Summery of Findings
Low birth weight is the cause of almost half of infant deaths in the United States. These babies are born with the average weight of three point two (3.2) pounds. Hospital care of these special needs infants must be of top quality. Often times the majority of very low birth weight infants are African American, and hospitals with a higher concentration of African American low birth weight infants can have a disproportionate quality that influences the health outcomes (Horbar, Kenn, Lake, Patrick, Rogowski, & Staiger, 2015). These outcomes from hospitalization can have lifetime effects and potential consequences on the infants. This paper will discuss factors associated to perinatal care in hospitals that influence disparities in very low birth weight (VLBW) infants.
Preterm birth is the most common direct cause of newborn mortality. Low Birth Weight (LBW) contributes to 60% to 80% of all neonatal deaths (WHO, 2016). The global prevalence of LBW is 15.5%, which amounts to about 20 million LBW infants born each year, 96.5% of them in developing countries (WHO, 2016). Countries can reduce their neonatal and infant mortality rates by improving the care for the mother during pregnancy and childbirth and of LBW infants. Experience from developed and low- and middle-income countries has clearly shown that appropriate care of LBW infants, including their feeding, temperature maintenance, hygienic cord and skin care, and early detection and treatment of…

Related Documents