The Effects Of Hydraulic Fracking On The Environment And Contamination Of Groundwater

2061 Words Mar 13th, 2015 9 Pages
In this essay, I will be highlighting the negative effects of hydraulic fracking in its role of causing potential damage to the environment and contamination of groundwater. Hydraulic fracking is defined as the injection of liquid fluid at high pressure that extracts oil or gas. In Cart’s article, she denotes how this issue is very problematic because both oppositions have different opinions. For instance, the companies she interviewed disregard the potential damages from fracking and state that it is safe and “there is little evidence that water supplies have been contaminated.” However, the people of California disagree with this and have taken action into their own hands.
What is Hydraulic Fracking? Hydraulic fracking is the process of drilling and injecting fluid into the ground at a high pressure in order to fracture rock formations to release natural gas and oil. Hydraulic fracturing conducts fractures in the rock formation known as shale (a fine grained sedimentary rick), which stimulates the flow of the natural resources such as oil or natural gas. Fractures are created by injecting large quantities of mixed fluids at high pressures down a pipeline in order to target a certain rock formation that may contain oil or natural gases. The mixed liquid that is used for this process is composed of water, proppants (man-made ceramic material/sand), and chemicals. According to Duran Fiack, a Ph.D. candidate in environmental studies at the University of California,…

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