The Effects Of Gluten And Casein Free Diet On Children With Asd
Fifteen peer reviewed articles addressing the clinical research questions were evaluated. Within the 15 citations, a focus was placed on the implementation of a gluten- and casein-free diet (GFCFD) and the behavioral changes (if any) in children with ASD. Table 1 summarizes the (a) participants, (b) interventions (c) comparison (d), and (e) outcome for each of the 15 included studies. Studies are grouped within the table according to their certainty of evidence classifications. Some of the studies’ primary outcomes had little evidence pertaining to with gluten and casein effects on a child’s behavior. However, some of the studies had a primary outcome had a direct correlation with gluten- and casein-free diets and behaviors in children with ASD.
According to Buie (2013) a gluten sensitivity does not equal celiac disease and there are distinct differences that characterize both diseases. A double-blinded study monitored 15 children that were given on a gluten-and casein-free diet for 12 weeks and then were given a diet spiked with gluten and casein for 12 weeks. The study revealed no significant differences in the children’s development or behavior.
Elder, Shankar, Shuster, Theriaque, Burns, & Sherrill (2006) conducted a double blind clinical trial of 15 children with ASD between the ages of two and sixteen. The children were provided meals and snacks from the General Clinical Research Center for a 12-week gluten- and casein-free diet. Each diet was made…