The Effects Of Community Service On Adolescent Development : A Meta Analysis

1259 Words Dec 14th, 2016 6 Pages
In the article, The Role of Reflection in the Effects of Community Service on Adolescent Development: A Meta-Analysis, researchers van Goethem, et al. explored the benefit reflection has on adolescents participating in community service. The act of reflection is when a person takes mindful approach to thinking the relationship between community service and possible psychological benefits (Ogden & Claus, 2006 as cited in van Goethem, et al., 2014). Reflection is important part in the process of adolescents learning about the benefits of community service (Billig, 2009; Hatcher, Bringle, & Muthiah, 2004 as cited in van Goesthem, et al., 2014). The way the researchers looked at this concept is through the lens of various moderators. They first looked at the effect of community service and the different community service programs and how that influences adolescents in various ways such as academic, personal, social, and civic. They then looked to see how different forms of reflection: quantity of reflection, form of reflection, content of reflection, and quality of reflection, influence overall the effectiveness of community service. Then lastly, they aimed to see how characteristics of community service, kind and quantity, and characteristics of adolescents who partake in community service moderate the overall effectiveness of community service (van Goesthem, et al., 2014). In the end, the researchers found that community service was beneficial to adolescents and reflection is…

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