The Effects Of Cognitive Interviews On False Memories And Beliefs

777 Words Nov 9th, 2015 4 Pages
The area of cognitive psychology that this article focuses on, is the impact that cognitive interviews have on false memories and beliefs. A false memory appears when a person recalls memories of events that did not actually happen to him or her. Nonetheless, a study conducted by S.J. Sherman and M.B. Powell, consisted of exposing people to false events using instructions taken from a cognitive interview, a method of interviewing and questioning people about events they may have witnessed (Sharman et al., 2013). In this specific study, researchers examined the integration that cognitive interviews may have on making participants feel more confident towards the validity of their childhood experience, regardless or not whether it actually happened (Sharman et al., 2013). By introducing these instructions, experimenters were interested in seeing if subjects would feel more confident about experiencing these false childhood events. Research was conducted on one hundred and twenty six participants, with ages ranging from 18 to 64 years (Sharman et al., 2013). The experiment was divided into two sessions, in which the first session consisted of completing the Autobiographical Beliefs and Memory Questionnaire (ABMQ), and rating each of the 10 childhood events that were presented (Sharman et al., 2013). First, subjects were asked to rate each event for people in general and for themselves personally (these events were specifically chosen to have occurred before the age of ten).…

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