Essay on The Effects Of Climate Change On Toronto

1481 Words Nov 17th, 2015 null Page
In 2013, air pollution has been characterized by the WHO as the “most widespread environmental carcinogen” (IARC, 2013). For Torontonians, the problem regarding air quality is also a big challenge upfront. Although the overall air quality has been improved for recent years, Toronto still sees over a thousand premature deaths and over three thousand hospitalization due to respiratory diseases every year. (Toronto 's Vital Signs, 2015) Moreover, Dr. David McKeown (2007), Toronto medical officer of health, believes that the air pollution will be exaggerated by the effect of climate change and will further exacerbate the related burden of illness. Thus, as we have seen the 2013 horrible effect of climate change in Toronto, it is no doubt that there is still a lot to be concerned about. Specifically, from several studies, it shows that urban structure, increase in urban population, highways and heavy-duty vehicles are all key variables that could pose the negative impact on our urban air quality and our health. However, we can mitigate these problems by changes of urban development structure, regulations about population growth, restrictions of new constructions near highways, and regulations of heavy-duty vehicles in the city.

To some extent, Torontonians have now seen a better air quality than it was 10 years ago. Many of the air quality indicators have regressed to the normal state now. We have seen no smog advisories in Toronto for two consecutive years since 2014.…

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