The Effects Of Climate Change On Sub Saharan Africa Essay example

1096 Words Oct 19th, 2016 5 Pages
Climate change which manifests itself as change in rainfall patterns and temperature adversely impacts the economic and social survival of the majority of the population in Africa and particularly in sub Saharan Africa. The major sources of livelihood for rural poor in Africa such as water resources, agriculture (crop production and animal husbandry), health, ecosystems and biodiversity, forestry and coastal zones are the most vulnerable areas or sectors to climate change. Climate change remains a major threat for food security and sustainable management of natural resources. Studies indicated that if adequate measures are not taken to cop up the impacts of climate change in sub-Sahara Africa, there will be a predicted loss of 2-7% of GDP by 2100 in parts of sub-Sahara Africa; 2-4% and 0.4-1.3% in West and central Africa, and northern and southern Africa respectively (FAO, 2009).

Sub Saharan Africa is among the most vulnerable regions to climate change impacts due to the fact that the majority of the population highly dependent on rain-fed agriculture for their economic activities as well as for sustenance of their livelihood (Juana et al., 2013). Poor performance of the agriculture sector and rapid population growth, in combination with adverse impacts of climate change causes the large segment of the sub-Sahara African population to live in abject poverty. If the current trend continues leading to significant long term changes in rainfall patterns and temperature which…

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