The Effects Of Classic And Operant Conditioning Essay examples

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The field of psychology covers many topics of human behavior, but phobias and addictions are often its practical applications in everyday life. Through classic and operant conditioning, subjects can be lead into powerful phobias or addictions which can affect their lives to the point of intervention. These phobias and addictions can be nearly impossible to get over without the process of extinction. Through the implementation of classic and operant conditioning, we can explore the deep-seated root of phobias and addictions as well as the extinction of them.
Classic conditioning is defined as “A procedure by which a previously neutral stimulus comes to elicit a response after it is paired with a stimulus that automatically elicits that response” (Kowalski & Westen, 2011, p. 164) and was made known by Russian psychologist Ivan Pavlov. Pavlov’s famous experiment involved him ringing a bell before feeding the dogs until the dogs began to associate the bell with food and would salivate at the sound of it. This experiment involved an unconditioned response, or UCR, which is a response that does not have to be learned and is automatic, and an unconditioned stimulus, or UCS, which is a stimulus that produces a response without any prior learning (Kowalski & Westen, 2011). Pavlov proved that when a neutral stimulus is paired with an UCS, a subject will begin to associate them and the neutral stimulus will become a conditioned stimulus and produce a conditioned response.

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