China's One Child Policy Essay

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The Chinese government has decided that couples are allowed two children per household. This is a drastic change from the old one-child policy, implemented after the rule of Mao Zedong. Since the population is 1.3 billion, we should not expect to see a lot of changes. Steven Jiang, a sociologist, said that the policy will affect 100 million couples and it is likely that twenty-three million more births will occur under the new policy. Although China has allowed people to have more choices in their lives, the one-child policy will not help many people.
After Zedong’s rule, China had a strict one-child policy because of the population increase. The leader insisted that families have a lot of children because they could potentially join and work
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Before Xiaoping, most women had as many children as they wanted since Zedong encouraged large families. Once the one-child policy was enacted, people were not allowed to have huge families. If families had more than one child, the government could take the baby or abort the baby if they still have them. “Chinese officials recently announced that 336 million abortions and 196 million sterilisations have been performed under the one-child policy (Jian). This acted to keep the people in line. Over a period of time, people accepted this policy and it became the standard of family …show more content…
They have lived with a one-child policy for their whole lives and did not expect anything to change. Many couples have decided against having another child because it is expensive raising them. Chris Buckley says, “Many eligible couples decline to have a second child, citing the expense and pressures of raising children in a highly competitive society.” The new policy is in place to help the people of China, although this will hurt the economy. “People support ending China’s one-child policy, but they wonder if it is good for the economy by encouraging people to have more children” (Makinen). The Chinese economy has only grown 6.9% which has been the slowest since 2009

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