Antibiotics: The Overuse Of Antibiotic Infection

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Antibiotics are substances that can destroy or prevent the growth of the bacteria and cure infections. In 1928, Alexander Fleming who was a Scottish biologist, pharmacologist, and botanist found the first antibiotic, penicillin, in the world. It was a significant discovery in the medical field. During the World War II, the penicillin had saved many lives. According to PBS, “400 million units of pure penicillin were manufactured” and “650 billion units a month” were produced by the end of 1945 (Markel). In his acceptance speech for Nobel Prize in 1945, Fleming precisely warned the public of the possibilities of “microbes [becoming] resistan[ce] to penicillin” (Fleming). In the following seventy years, the excessive use of antibiotics to defeat …show more content…
Antibiotics couldn’t fight infection caused by viruses like colds, flu, most sore throats and taking antibiotics for virus infection would contribute the antibiotic resistance. The result of the overuse of antibiotics was the bacteria mutated and became the superbugs that were harmless bacteria to resist the original antibiotics and caused life-threatening infection. Although most people understood the concept of antibiotic resistance, they still thought the drug would help them feel better and get them back to work quickly. This was the reason why the doctors and patients still loved to use antibiotics. However, the overuse of antibiotics caused the patients whose immune systems were compromised and led them to extend the hospital stay and required more expensive drugs. For example, a kid who had an ear infection would have been instantly cured by penicillin in the early twentieth century, but in the present day, the infection needed more complicated courses and managed the different kinds of drugs to be treated. The other disease, “MRSA, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, was a type of staph that resisted the antibiotics called …show more content…
Personal care products play a significant role for personal hygiene in daily life, such as cosmetics, dental products, and body soap. The cosmetics were such as the lotions, antiperspirants and deodorants. They added the antibacterial ingredient to protect the body or skin by controlling the growth of bacteria and provided free of microorganisms during storage after they were open. Dental products were including antibacterial toothpaste and mouthwash that constructed by the antibacterial composites to prevent gum disease and reduce bacteria in the mouth. The body soap and hand sanitizers consisted of the antibacterial mixtures to kill the bacteria, avoid the skill infection and get illness. Obviously, about 85 percent of total volume of triclosan that was the most prevalent compound in the antibacterial products had been applied in personal care products and about 450 tons of triclosan were used in 2006 in the European Union (Triclosan and Antibiotics). However, triclosan, was found that could alter hormone regulation in animals and might contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant germs in the recent studies (Triclosan: What Consumers). Although these weren 't the direct evidence to prove these products generated the bacteria resistance, the government of Japan and Canada restricted the triclosan to used in

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