The Effects Of Alzheimer 's Disease On The Narrative Discourse Performance Of The Elderly

1592 Words Sep 26th, 2016 7 Pages
The research team of Zraick, Carr, Gregg, Smith-Olinde, Ghormley, and Hutton aimed to evaluate the effect of Alzheimer’s disease on the narrative discourse performance of the elderly; in order accomplish this goal, Zraick et al. compared the quality of descriptions produced by individuals with mild Alzheimer’s disease to a normally aging control group. First and foremost, the research team defined dementia as “a progressive decline in the cognitive function caused by brain damage or disease beyond what is expected from normal aging” (Zraick et al., 2005). Moreover, Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia which is characterized by the decay in the executive functions, memory, and communication abilities in individuals. Zraick et al. utilized prior research to structure the present study. One particular study performed by Nicholas et al. (1985) evaluated the cookie theft picture to judge speech characteristics of individuals with Alzheimer’s disease, aphasia, and normal aging. The cookie theft picture is a multifaceted image that portrays many events, such as a child stealing a cookie and a mother doing dishes; numerous research studies have utilized the cookie theft picture to evaluate the story telling abilities and the speech patterns of a variety of individuals. Through their study, Nicholas et al. reported a significant difference between the individuals with Alzheimer’s disease and those with normal aging, but they did not find a significant difference…

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