The Effects Of ACL Tears

758 Words 4 Pages
Anterior Crucial Ligaments tears, commonly known as ACL tears, are the most common and most debilitating knee injuries known to athletes. Sports today have become such a fast paced style of play some that players bodies can’t keep up with the quick movements they have to perform causing sudden tears in ligaments and muscles. The ACL tears because of these quick movements, which is a significant problem because it is one of the main stabilizing ligaments in the knee. The ACL is the most important of the four main ligaments in the knee, providing 90% of mobility in adult knees. The ACL has several mechanisms that causes it to be commonly torn, different sexes have dissimilar reasons as to why they tear it, and the process of recovery are …show more content…
Usually, an ACL tear takes place in a non-contact circumstance, with 70% occurring in non-contact and 30% occurring with direct contact. Over 150,000 ACLs are torn annually in the USA alone, according to the Orthopedic Sports Society for Medicine. They also report that over $500 millions in health costs are spent annually reconstructing ACLs. The ACL is most likely torn between the ages 15 and 45 years of age mainly because of patients more energetic and active lifestyles. Also, people of this age take part in more sporting activities than others. The tear occurs typically when a person’s knee is unstable due to deceleration, pivoting, cutting, jumping, or side stepping while out of control. A popping noise is most times heard or felt by those who have torn their ACL during the time of the accident. In general, patients are unable to continue sporting and regular activities once torn. After an ACL is torn, all range of motion is lost, along with sensitivity near knee joints, discomfort while moving, and high instability. Surgery is almost always required to repair a torn ACL. Almost half of all ACL injuries occur with damages to the meniscus, MCL, cartilage or other ligaments surrounding the …show more content…
Males only have a higher incidence of ACL’s torn because of the higher participation in male sports than women. The most common sport associated with ACL injury because of direct contact is football. Other common sports associated with injury are basketball, skiing and soccer. Despite males having a higher incidence of ACL tears, athletes who are females are 2-8 times more likely to experience an ACL tear while participating in sports, especially in basketball and soccer. In fact, there are several risk factors that are thought to increase the risk of ACL injury in women include: lower extremity alignment, joint laxity, ACL size, hormonal differences, and hamstring flexibility. The physical condition, muscular strength and the increased looseness of ligaments in women also are causes of why women have an increased risk of tearing their ACL. Women have a strength imbalance between the quadriceps and the hamstrings, typically, a female’s quadriceps are stronger than their hamstrings, causing an imbalance of the muscles leading to an increased likelihood of tearing an

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