The Effect Of The Greenhouse Effect Essay

1583 Words Jan 24th, 2016 7 Pages
The greenhouse effect is a natural process whereby gases and clouds absorb infrared radiation emitted from the Earth’s surface and radiate it in all directions, which results extra heating of the atmosphere and the Earth’s surface. As the radiation from the Sun is absorbed by the Earth’s surface, the energy is converted to thermal energy. Then, the Earth emits lower-energy infrared radiation back out to the atmosphere and space. The Earth’s atmosphere and clouds trap this infrared energy and radiation directed from the Sun by certain gases called greenhouse gases, which include water vapour, carbon dioxide, methane, and nitrous oxide, and many more. Then, these gases radiate the energy received in all directions, which some are radiated back to Earth to warm it even more. The greenhouse gases are able to absorb the lower-energy infrared radiation emitted from the Earth due to their atomic figure; water, carbon dioxide, and methane consist of three or more atoms, and have different types of atoms. Unlike diatomic molecules (such as oxygen gas or nitrogen gas) that have limited ways of vibration, the atoms of these molecules can vibrate in many ways, which allows them to absorb different types of energy. Thus, when infrared radiation reaches the greenhouse gases, the molecules trap the energy and re-radiate it back in all directions.
In a similar manner, greenhouses work by receiving solar radiation through the glass roof and walls, in which the floor, air, and plants…

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