The Effect Of Low Birth Weights On The Post Natal Environment

1470 Words Nov 9th, 2014 6 Pages
The World Health Organization reported that sixty eight percent of deaths were attributable to noncommunicable diseases including cardiovascular disease, cancer, respiratory disease, and diabetes (http://www.who.int/gho/ncd/en/). WHO reports unhealthy diets, physical inactivity, and alcohol or tobacco are characteristics that lead to adult disease; however, WHO does not report that chronic disease begins in utero. Fetal environment during gestation has an impact on birth weight resulting in chronic disease fifty to sixty years later. Many hypotheses of the impacts of fetal birth weight have been presented including the fetal origins hypothesis and the Developmental Origins of Health and Disease. Ideas such as fetal programming, developmental plasticity, and thrifty phenotypes relate to the discussion of birth weight and noncommunicable disease. Both proximate and ultimate explanations for disease aid in understanding the reasons for the correlation between birth weight and diseases of adulthood, allowing for comprehending the benefit of varying birth weights depending on the post-natal environment. This paper aims to demonstrate the correlation between low birth weights based on fetal environment in relationship to a higher incidence of adult disease.
In an innovative study, Dr. Barker determined that individuals with a lower birth weight had an increased incidence of developing heart disease as an adult. Barker’s “Fetal Origins Hypothesis” determined that newborns with…

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