The Effect Of Glucose On The Urine Of A Healthy Person Essay

915 Words Mar 14th, 2016 4 Pages
The data received from the urinalysis show that Ms Winston has 100mg/dL of glucose in her urine sample. Ordinarily the level of glucose in the urine of a healthy person is 0-15mg/dL, this is because usually the kidneys take all excess glucose filtered and return it to the blood. The elevated level of glucose (glycosuria) in her urine suggests she could be suffering from a form of diabetes. Diabetes is a disease in which insulin levels are insufficient or ineffective, this causes glycosuria because the role of insulin is to ensure that glucose in the blood is taken in by cells to be used as energy and that any excess glucose is taken in by the liver and stored as glycogen. In diabetes, this cannot occur causing a build-up of glucose in the blood, this means that when the blood goes through the kidney filter, the kidneys can’t reabsorb all of it so it’s expelled in the urine.
Specific gravity is the measure of solutes in the urine and compares the density of urine to the density of distilled water. In the case of Ms Winston, her urine sample was found to have a specific gravity of 1.015 which is within the range for a healthy person (1.005 to 1.025). Nonetheless, this indicates that the patient is slightly dehydrated, which is a symptom of diabetes. Additionally, the specific gravity could be slightly raised because when blood glucose levels rise, it causes the liver to reabsorb water from cells into the bloodstream. Also, a higher than normal specific gravity could be a…

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