The Effect Of Aerobic Exercise On A Healthy And Active Lifestyle

796 Words May 9th, 2015 4 Pages
Introduction: Our modern society is engaged in pursuing a healthy and active lifestyle in order to avoid common health problems such as obesity, high blood pressure, and diabetes mellitus to name a few. Exercise duration, frequency and intensity all are relevant in triggering physiological responses in our bodies. For example, skeletal muscles demand an increase in oxygen and substrates and simultaneously remove carbon dioxide and metabolites (Burton et al., 2004). Furthermore, studies have conducted that demonstrate the peril of living an inactive and sedentary lifestyle. Thus, exercise can strengthen cardiac and respiratory variables by having them become more efficient (Salmon et al., 2003). As one exercises, work rate increases and the body must match the necessities of the respiratory and cardiac requirements in order for the body to perform appropriately. In particular, aerobic exercise occurs in having oxygen consumed by slow oxidative muscle fibers that produce adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in their mitochondria. Since oxygen is the final electron acceptor on the electron transport chain in oxidative phosphorylation, maximal oxygen consumption (VO2 max) is an excellent source in investigating the maximum level of aerobic activity that someone can do. Moreover, individuals with larger mass will have a larger VO2 max since they have more cells that demand oxygen hence relative VO2 max is used (Vedala et al., 2013). On the other hand, as the body demands more ATP and…

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