The Economic System Of New Zealand Essay

776 Words May 3rd, 2016 4 Pages
Nevertheless, Pratt and Clark’s (2005) cultural argument ignores the inequalities of New Zealand, in which the structural explanation would stress that inequalities reflects the deep foundational ways of how it shapes the criminal law and the justice system (Workman & McIntosh, 2013). The structural perspective recognises that New Zealand’s prison population has increased substantially over the last 40 years, simultaneously, so has the inequality between the rich and poor (Workman & McIntosh, 2013). Hence, New Zealand’s punitiveness reflects on the way in which growing inequalities feeds the desire for harsher punishment, and neo-liberalism reflects this relationship (Cavadino & Dignan, 2006). The economic system of neo-liberalism introduced in 1984, which focused on individualism, limited government intervention and social support, created the gap between the rich and poor (Cavadino & Dignan, 2006). Most of New Zealand history has been a social democratic country, a contrast to neo-liberalism in upholding the idea of owning and sharing the nation’s wealth and to keep social spending as a priority (Cavadino & Dignan, 2006). However, radical neo-liberal policy changes that followed rendered the social support and solidarity of the country. The inequalities between the rich and poor grew as the wealthy benefited from neo-liberal reforms, while the poor; often young Maori men with little formal education suffered when unemployment became extremely low (Cavadino & Dignan, 2006).…

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