The Economic Causes Of The American Civil War

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American Civil war The American Civil War is the deadliest war in American history. The Civil War was fought between the upper North of the United States, known as the union, who opposed slavery and the Confederate Southern states, who were heavily dependent on slavery. The Civil War would split the United States into two parts, leaving devastation to both sides. The Civil War was caused by different conflicts over territorial expansion, economy, the Abolition Movement, and politics. A big reason for the Civil War was differences over territorial expansion. The northern states were built on industrialism and ran their economy off of mills, textiles, and manufacturing. The North had experienced more advancements in education …show more content…
Southern politicians knew without expanding slavery that eventually free states would outnumber slave states. Southern politicians were able to expand slavery for a short time with the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and the Compromise of 1850. Territorial expansion differences went hand in hand with economic differences. Since northern states were freed states, their economy had no need for slaves. The North economy was based on manufacturing and wanted to broaden their economy, and do away with slavery. Southern states knew if slavery did not expand, northern states would begin to outnumber their representation in the Executive and Legislative branches, and they would have no say on slavery. The southern states could not let slavery disappear because slavery was the backbone to their economy. With over 2,312,352 slaves in the lower south and over 385,000 slaveholders, “On the average plantation the owner had more money invested in slaves than the land and agricultural equipment combined”. (Caraway 140). Both slaves and non-slaveholders in the South knew they could not afford to lose their biggest investment. The attitude of the South was seen as “pro-slavery politicians argued, was simple: …show more content…
The movement was caused by northerners seeing slavery morally as “a wrong done to humanity”. (Smithers). The abolition movement was a big reason for conflict with the South and, “by the 1830s antislavery activists were becoming increasingly well organized and vociferous”. (Smithers). The movement was made to help the blacks become free and stop slavery from spreading. This abolition furthered the drift of North and South, because the movement was seen as a threat to the South and as abolitionists trying to destroy their way of life. The South started to grow in disagreement when the north stopped obeying the Fugitive Slave Act, which required any northerners to return slaves found back to his or her plantation. The disobedience occurred because northerners saw slavery as morally wrong, and if they would return slaves back to his or her plantation, they would be directly putting someone into slavery. The South felt that “when security in this is shaken, all other property partakes of its instability” and started to fear the Abolition Movement.

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