The Dust Bowl Research Paper

1301 Words 6 Pages
After the stock market crash of 1929, America went into a period of economic crisis known as the Great Depression. During this time, the political, economic and social institutions of America were disturbed. The young and the old suffered. Adults could not provide basic necessities for their children and themselves because no employer could hire since no one had any money. Even those who were in the high class were suffering. During this economic crisis farmers were also suffering because of the dust bowl. Across America about 600 banks were closing every year, houses were being taken away from people because they could not pay their mortgages, factories started closing because of the increasing percentage of unemployment. The government, many …show more content…
Just when it seemed that the American society could not suffer anymore, a terrible dust storm devoured the Great Plains on April 14th,1935. A dark wall of blowing sand emerged in Oklahoma and Texas. The sun and sky were completely blacked out by the storm. The Dust Bowl was a tragic event that ruined many lives. The Dust storms only took place in the Midwest states like Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming, South Dakota, Colorado, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, New Mexico , and Texas. The dust bowl was created mostly by farmers. Farmers used the Lister Plow or the One-Way Plow to plow the land which destroyed the soil. The Lister Plow made the soil very loose. The loose soil had nowhere to go therefor it dried up and turned into sand. The One-Way Plow made lots of crops. The more crops produced the more nutrient were taken from the soil. Not only were dedicated farmers were affecting the soil, suitcase farmers also affected the soil negatively. Suitcase farmers were urban men who planted their crops during the summer and returned to the city but returned to harvest their crops before winter. This hurt the soil because no one was there to take care of the …show more content…
At first, all the farmers believed that the economic crisis was not going to affect them so they continued producing wheat. They thought they were going to gain wealth. Later on the government warned them to stop. Yet the farmers refused to listen and when they found out that wheat prices were falling they just doubled and tripled the amount of production because this would allow them to make the same profit by selling more wheat at the lower price. As Document 5 says “...farmers find no market for their produce…,” this means that farmeers could not sell their crops because there was no one avalible to buy them.So the Great Depression reached the Great Plains and hurt them economically. The mass production of crops severely affected the soil. When farmers gave up after trying so hard without being able to find market the soil dried up. At this time drought also hit. The Great Plains lacked water, but it had lots of wind. The wind began to carry the dried up soil with it. When it did so it was called a dust storm. Farmers during the Great Depression first suffered drought, then were unable to sell the crops they were able to grow, and then the Dust Bowl destroyed their houses and farmland which prevented them from making a living and made them suffer with the rest of the

Related Documents