The Disparities Of Hypertension Prevalence Essay
The disparities in hypertension prevalence in various racial or ethnic groups exist since 1960, being highest in the non-Hispanic African-American adults . Apart from having higher prevalence of hypertension, this group reportedly has poor blood pressure control as compared to non-Hispanic whites , and poor adherence . One of the theories used to explain medication adherence behavior in patients with hypertension is Bandura’s Self-efficacy theory. Self-efficacy is the person’s beliefs regarding his/her own capability to perform a particular task to achieve a desired result .
2. Background/Review of the Literature
It is often stated that programs and interventions will be more successful, when culturally designed, for the specific patient-populations they intend to target .
Numerous studies have reported that culturally appropriate interventions are well-received by African-Americans6, ,8. One such program, a church-based intervention, focused towards diabetes self-management reported to improve short-term metabolic control in individuals .
A study by Peters et al aiming to investigate attitudes and beliefs of African-Americans concerning hypertension preventing self-care behaviors concluded that considering the influence of cultural norms, effective interventions/programs targeting such norms are required to be tested to analyze if they can reduce the inequality in hypertension outcomes .
Even though culture is collectively shared, still people within a…