The Discovery Of The Great Barrier Reef Essay

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The Great Barrier Reef is a coastal habitat off the coast of Queensland, Australia. The system is the largest coral reef and living structure in the world, reaching around 2,575 in length. It’s made up of approximately 2,900 individual reefs with 900 islands. The Great Barrier Reef is the perfect habitat for many species of marine life such as coral and over one thousand five hundred species of fish. The reef contains many different life forms such as: fish, sea turtles, giant clams, sea snakes, nudibranch, stingray, sharks, seahorses, and numerous other species. The Great Barrier Reef also provides support to the ecosystem through its ability to form coral and allow other marine life to live among the coral. The reef is threatened through climate change. With rising temperatures the coral becomes stressed which leads to coral bleaching. The beautiful reef is an important contributor to the ocean’s ecosystem. The current Great Barrier Reef is approximately 500,000 years old, growing over dead coral that can be dated back to millions of years ago. Dividing into thirty bioregions, the Great Barrier Reef World Heritage Area consists of different types of reefs. Cresentic, flat, ribbon, fringing, and lagoonal are a few examples. Cresentic reefs are shaped like crescents and are the most common reef shape in the middle of the Great Barrier Reef. Flat Reefs are also called planer reefs. They’re found in the north and south parts of the major reef. The northern area of the reef…

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