The Different Causes Of HIV/AIDS In South Africa

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HIV/AIDS in South Africa South Africa’s HIV/AIDS percentage raised to 18 percent of the population. AIDS in South Africa is more prevalent than anywhere else in the world. The high percentage of HIV/AIDS has several different causes including: poor hygiene, poor medical practices, and sex trafficking. These infections are not only a problem for adults, but children have been having to raise themselves because their parents are not alive anymore. South Africa needs to improve the health care there, improve the sanitation of water, help educate young adults on the topic, and put an end to sex trafficking. Many factors lead to the effect of HIV and AIDS. For example, poor medical care to patients can result in one of these infections. Poor medical …show more content…
Jacob Zuma, South Africa’s president, released the Prevention and Combating of Trafficking in Persons Bill into law on the 29th of July, 2013. This Bill has three requirements that have to be met in order for human trafficking to have occurred. In relation to sex trafficking, there is a growing number of rape victims in South Africa. Although many cases go unreported, those that do translate to just under twenty seven cases per day. That could be anywhere from 0-27 cases of HIV and/or AIDS per day.
Another cause of AIDS and many other STDs is poor education and schooling. Many adults in the area are well informed and educated of the subject but as for the younger children, many have very poor education and learning experiences about the topic of STDs. In 1995, South African Department of Education developed a policy implementing a life skills curriculum in secondary schools. The National Policy on HIV and AIDS Education was developed to provide information on the HIV and AIDS epidemic and to create healthy decision making skills among the youth of Southern
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There is a new treatment called Antiretroviral (ARV) therapy that has been introduced to South Africa. This therapy requires you to take three ARV drugs. This does not cure the infection but it does allow you to live longer and healthier. The treatment can also help prevent the spreading of the viruses. There have been any advances in ARV drugs since the first drug used to treat HIV came out, zidovudine. These HIV medicines prevent HIV from multiplying, which reduces the amount of HIV in your body. By reducing the amount of HIV in your body, HIV medicines also reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to others. If left untreated, HIV will attack the immune system and eventually progress to AIDS. This is a life long treatment that can keep you healthy for many years.
Tuberculosis fits right along with this topic. TB is one of the co-infections of HIV and AIDS. In 2007, an estimate was made that one in three infected with HIV will develop tuberculosis. TB and other illnesses are among the highest causes of AIDS- related deaths. People living with HIV are more likely than others to become sick with TB. Without treatment HIV and TB can work together to shorten your lifespan. The risk of developing TB is estimated to be between 26 and 31 times greater in people living with HIV. 1 in 3 infected will get TB as

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