The Differences Of Child Labour In The Modern Society

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Tradition and modernity are two complex opposites in the western society, which lead to a great social change throughout the centuries. This essay will focus on the differences and some of the similarities between a traditional and a modern society and the importance of the transformation of one to another. Both societies have different ideologies and traditions brought within them that helped shape many people’s views and attitudes towards the economy. Furthermore, there are many distinctions between the two societies, whether economical, ecological, technological, political or lifestyle differences and inequalities, which will be discussed further.
Many works were written to help distinguish between traditional and modern societies, such
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Thompson (1991) argues that child labour in the traditional society would take place in the family. The child would work and contribute to the family rather than the society. Children would be taken care of by their parents in the house, without being exposed to any danger. Moreover, “[t]he child earnings were an essential component of the family wage” (Thompson, 1991, p. 124), thanks to the children, the family was able to be stable economically. However, in a modern society, child labour was considered much harsher. To expand, Thompson states that “[t]here was a drastic increase in the intensity of exploitation of child labour between 1780 and 1840…” (Thompson, 1991, p.121). Children became like machines to benefit the capitalist economy. Sometimes, they would not get any breaks and starve, without anyone taking care of them. Therefore, child labour was present in both the traditional society and modern society. However, it was much harsher around the eighteenth century where children were exploited and forced to work in very bad conditions, no …show more content…
In a traditional society, males are considered as the dominant figures that maintain the family. Females on the other hand should take care of the kids clean and cook. Also, each sex has a certain task that has to be performed. For example, “women never milk sheep or use a shepherd’s crook; men almost never milk goats” (Campbell, 1964, p.111). There are strict guidelines that discriminate men from women. Also, men should never help their women in any task, because it will have an impact on their manliness “[h]owever sick or feeble his wife or daughter a man will never help her with the intolerable burden of heavy water barrels” (Campbell, 1964, p.111). This quote shows how the traditions and discrimination between the sexes played a huge role in the Sarakatsan village. Men had to be honourable and perform as strong and proud, while women had to be shameless and “are always a potential threat to the honour of the men where the latter are kinsmen or strangers” (Campbell, 1964, p.111). Following this quote, it is evident that males and females depend on each other when it comes to honour and social

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