The Differences Of AIDS, AIDS And Ebola)

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AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and is one of the top 10 leading causes of death (WTO, 2014). While AIDS refers to the last stage of infection, the term is generally used to refer the entire stage of the illness caused by HIV. Ebola, famous for its 2013-2016 West African outbreak, is another deadly infectious diseases that brought a huge threat to the survival and prosperity of the human society. Because of their strong power and infectiousness, a large number of population die each year and this brings unwanted negative influence to the society. While the two diseases share some commonalities in various aspects, they also have individual differences and thus influence the way we …show more content…
(2014), AIDS and Ebola share some similarities. Both the two diseases are caused by viruses. AIDS is caused by the HIV and Ebola is caused by the ebolavirus (Horowitz, 1999). These two viruses can attack human beings and induce high mortality. Tracing back to the origin of the two diseases, it is found that both of the two diseases emerged in Africa and are both carried by host animals and then transmitted to humans (Horowitz, 1999). Also, the transition may have occurred when hunters each bush meat for both of them. Both the two diseases are transmissible via bodily fluids and can bring many difficulties for the prevention of transmission. Unfortunately, neither of the two diseases have a vaccine to prohibit from …show more content…
One main difference between the two is the time length from getting infection to showing symptoms (Horowitz, 1999). For people infected with HIV, they can live for over 10 years without getting AIDS. However, the time length for those infected with Ebola is much shorter, which is only 2 to 21 days. This is to say, people infected with HIV can live healthily for years while those infected with Ebola cannot live for so long. The two diseases also differ from the way they transmit among population (Davtyan et al., 2014). Ebola can be transmitted via more kinds of bodily fluids than HIV, which makes its prevention a more difficult issue for us. Also, a person infected with Ebola can only transmit the virus to another until he started to show symptom while HIV can be transmitted even if a patient does not have any symptoms. This would make the identification of HIV infectors and the infection prevention a harder task. Also, Ebola infectors have a way high mortality rate than HIV infectors. Because of these individual differences, the outcomes of virus spread and treatment for AIDS and Ebola also differ. There is a large population of HIV infectors living around the world. According to WHO (2014) statistics, approximately 35.3 million people are living with HIV globally and 1.5 million people died in 2012 because of it. By contrast, the 2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak reported 13,567 cases

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