Arturo Escobar A Political Ecology Framework

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For this assignment on political ecology methods, the article that will be reviewed is the Difference and Conflict in the Struggle over Natural Resources: A Political Ecology Framework by Arturo Escobar (2006). Escobar provides a discussion on the political ecology of natural resources in three interrelated rubrics. These interrelated rubrics are economics, ecology, and culture. The discussion will assess how Escobar bridges the two sciences in his article and how well researchers have bridged this gap. In addition, this assignment will include an individual overview on the heaviness of politics in political ecology versus the heaviness of ecology in the study. Moreover, I will identify a couple challenges to close the gap between economics, …show more content…
Environmental conflicts can be understood intellectually through these three interrelated rubrics. Many of the conflicts over natural resources have a relationship with these dimension. This relationship is seen in many parts of Latin America, Asia, and Africa (Escobar, 2006). The distribution of economics, ecology, and culture should be equally important and treated as in efforts to prevent the denying of people’s rights to their own economies, ecologies, and cultures (Escobar, 2006). The economy and dominant models of development are used studied in political ecology to study the impact of the marketplace on natural resources. The study of economic distributions of conflict is assumes that economic distribution is an issue of politics and shares a relationship with social power (Escobar, 2006). In addition, he environmentally destructive practices created by the economy and dominant models of development introduce the ecological destruction of landscapes. (Escobar, 2006). Natural resources such as water, seeds, tropical forests, and food have been and still are subject to contamination caused by extractive industries such as oil and mining, urban redevelopment, and transboundary pollution. Moreover, the culture of communities internationally are becoming more adamant, steadfast, and articulate about defending …show more content…
The first reason is because the struggle between the environment and politics often puts rich against poor which is seen trans-nationally as well as within countries and regions which is more of a political issue (Escobar, 2006). Secondly, political ecology has been traditionally focused on the study of conflicts in economic distribution which are also discussed in politics. Lastly, economic distribution is a political issue that is related to social power. For example, the impact of a triple transformation of rain forests occur when there is a demand for goods such as beef, African oil palm, and shrimp. In addition, the transformation of rain forests changes the diversity of local economies into a monetized market driven economy from a partly oriented subsistence and self-reproduction (Escobar, 2006). Pastures for cattle ranching, African oil palm plantations and industrial shrimp cultivation are economic developments have replaced the natural environment of mangrove and rain forests in Columbia and Ecuador (Escobar, 2006) Moreover, economic developments just like these change the complexity of ecosystems into “modern forms of nature” (Escobar,

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