The Dietary Factors And Effects Of Hypertension

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Register to read the introduction… In atherosclerosis, fatty deposits called plaque, build up on the inner wall of the coronary arteries. These fatty deposits usually develop over many years. Plaque is composed of porridge like accumulation of cholesterol and their compounds within a fibrous coat. After it builds up, the injury to the arteries signal the immune system to release white blood cells to the site. This initiates a process called the inflammatory response. Macrophages literally "eat" the oxidized cholesterol leaving behind foamy cells that attach to the artery's smooth muscle cells. The foamy cells then buildup within the artery. After the immune system senses the foamy cells, it releases other factors called cytokines, which attract more white blood cells and perpetuate the whole cycle. This usually repeats itself forming atherosclerotic lesions (, 2004).
Hypertension the formal name given to high blood pressure by the medical community
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Dietary factors have been shown to correlate with blood pressure, including sodium to potassium ratio, percentage of polyunsaturated fatty acids, fiber, and magnesium content, and levels of carbohydrates, total fats and cholesterol. Obesity is a chief factor for predisposition to hypertension. Population as well as clinical studies has repeatedly demonstrated that obesity is a major factor in hypertension. Obesity is often caused by the over consumption of saturated fats. Lifestyle factors such as coffee consumption, alcohol intake, lack of exercise and smoking are all things that are very important causes of elevated blood pressure (Whitney & Sizer, 2003). The long term effects of caffeine consumption on blood pressure have not yet been clearly determined. Alcohol produces acute hypertension in some patients by the increased adrenaline secretion. Chronic alcohol consumption is one of the strongest predictors of blood pressure. Cigarette smoking is a factor contributing to hypertension. Tobacco, which is smokeless, is also linked to hypertension via its nicotine and sodium content. In many instances, stress is a causative factor of high blood pressure. Relaxation techniques have some value in lowering blood pressure. Exercise reduces both blood pressure and …show more content…
Any cooked vegetables should not be cooked too long, this helps maintain the natural goodness of the vegetables. Garlic has been noted as one of the most effective remedies for lowering blood pressure (Health Library, 2003). After a patient has been diagnosed with hypertension, he or she should lower their sodium intake. Any hypertension patient should follow a well-balanced diet. Managing a proper diet is beneficial in keeping a person's blood pressure low. The hardest thing for a hypertension patient to manage is their diets along with maintaining a low-stress level. Every hypertension sufferer will learn to manage the disease through regular screenings by their doctor. Although regular check-ups are vital, for a high-blood pressure patient; the most vital treatment measure is to maintain a proper diet to keep blood pressure low. By managing a proper diet, a hypertension patient reduces the risk for heart attacks as well as maintains a low LDL cholesterol

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