Essay on The Development Of The Pop Art Movement
Amidst the counterculture and revolution in social norms relative to clothing, music, drugs, and sexuality of the early 1960s, lies an even more radical way of thinking–an international phenomenon that can be described as the reintroduction of recognizable imagery. “POP” art, first coined by British art critic Lawrence Alloway in 1954, defines a new type of art inspired by popular culture. Key artists most associated with the Pop art movement include Andy Warhol, Jasper Johns, Roy Lichtenstein, James Rosenquist, and Claes Oldenburg. By creating paintings or sculptures of mass culture objects and media stars, these artists, among many others, sought to blur the boundaries between “high” art and “low” culture. The development of the Pop Art movement and the elevation of everyday objects to a fine art status is largely credited to the reaction against Abstract Expressionism, the exploitation of the post-WWII manufacturing and media boom, and the practice of appropriation in art.
In 1963, ARTnews set out to define Pop art through a series of interviews with eight leading artists, one of whom was Robert Indiana. “Pop is everything art hasn’t been for the last two decades It is basically a U-turn back to a representational visual communication…It springs newborn out of a boredom with the finality and over-saturation of Abstract Expressionism which…is the END of art” (Dine).
The Pop Art movement was a reaction against Abstract Expressionism,…