The Definition Of Justice In Plato, Plato And Socrates

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In the ancient city of Athens, Greece, there was once a discussion of great importance held between some good friends. This discussion was so important because it was the first recorded debate over the meaning of something many of us wouldn’t think to question in modern times: justice. One would not know most of the participants in the conversation by name, that is, except for one notable philosopher: Socrates. The discourse between Socrates and his friends was documented by a student of his, Plato, another well-known Athenian, in his famous book, The Republic. In The Republic the discussion began when old Cephalus offers a definition of what is “right”. Cephalus believes, as Socrates states, "doing right consists simply and solely of truthfulness and returning anything we have borrowed" (330e). Not long after this definition is …show more content…
His work captured, expertly, a vision of justice unlike any other I had seen thus far:
[Justice] is not a written law or any other socially determined law. Its essential element is theefghw concept of the ‘one thinking in terms of all’, which primarily includes the abandonment of mere self-interest...it is the the moral law. (Rakic)
This came to me as some eye-opening insight. I think that Socrates and Mr. Rakic would have conducted some discourse of epic proportions, had the periods of their lives coincided! In this quest for truth and the meaning of justice, my research into the work of modern philosophers has been highly fruitful. I have learned some key points, which will serve as cogs in the functioning definition which I will build, piece by piece in the next page. The points I have taken from this leg of the journey consist of avoiding a “transcendental approach”, to “enter the real world”, and that “thinking in terms of all” is a central piece of the puzzle which I am attempting to

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