Essay on The Decolonization Of Southeast Asia

792 Words Nov 19th, 2015 4 Pages
Prior to World War I, world powers mainly consisted of a few major European empires all of which owned colonies across the globe. However, following the Second World War, empires disbanded, and many colonies began to form independent nations. This time period is commonly called the decolonization era. This movement of decolonization was strongly backed by the newly formed United Nations. In 1960 the UN passed the General Assembly Resolution 1514 which stated, “ [this charter] proclaims the necessity of bringing to a speedy and unconditional end colonialism in all its forms and manifestations (UN Charter).” Despite being almost 20 years prior to World War I, the origins of decolonization in Southeast Asia can be traced to the Philippine-American War. In which a nationalistic uprising emerged, advocating for an independent Philippine nation from colonial rule. This result of this conflict led to the inception of Southeast Asian decolonization that would become more prevalent following World War II. The Philippines are an island nation in the Western Pacific Ocean. Its colonial history began with their discovery by Magellan, who discovered them by mistake while in search for the Spice Islands (Barrows 108). Spain later claimed the Philippines as one of its colonies due to its strategic location within the Indian Ocean trade network and its ability to grow sugarcane (Barrows 113). The purpose of this colony was strictly to expand the wealth of the Spanish crown. In the last…

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