Mental Disorders: Defining Normality

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Defining Normality
What really is considered to be normal? What is 'normal ' depends on the point of view, beliefs, and opinions of each person. In order to help scientists consider what is normal and abnormal, there are six general approaches when trying to establish the differences between normal and abnormal.

Sociocultural
What a person or group of people does in one culture (whether it be traditional, compulsory, etc.), it may not be considered acceptable towards people of another culture. This approach can help outsiders to the culture understand the culture 's actions, traditions, and beliefs of other people. For example, in some South African tribes, some women wear copper rings given by their husband around their neck, arms, and legs,
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The book is used to help accurately diagnose mental illnesses or disorders.
It may be hard for psychologists to diagnose mental illnesses or disorders, as they only have their observations on the patient and the first-word accounts of the patients themselves. The DSM-5 contains list of criterion for the psychologists to check with the patient. The psychologist can compare with the patient 's symptoms and the list of symptoms in the DSM, in order to fully confirm whether they reach the standards to be diagnosed with that illness.

DISSOCIATIVE IDENTITY DISORDER
WHAT IS IT?
Dissociative Identity Disorder (shortened to DID, or formerly known as Multiple Personality Disorder) is a mental illness in which the patient becomes dissociated from their own identity. They have two or more distinct personalities, and alter between the both of them. This disorder falls under dissociative disorders and personality disorders.

SYMPTOMS
Some symptoms of DID include:
Amnesia, gaps in memory - Those with DID may experience some forgetfulness, and forget events that have happened in their past, people they have met, places, and more. (This may be because some personalities recall different memories or
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Some with DID use their identities to try and isolate themselves or escape certain social situations, which may be due to something in the environment around them triggering a traumatic event in their minds. A lot of the time, the person themselves with DID don 't even know of their separate personalities, and which personality they 're emitting to others, which can confuse others. Due to the trauma the patient had experienced that caused DID, they may also have a hard time trusting people (whether it be strangers, partners, friends, or family), become unfriendly, and are always

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