The Current Hiv / Aids Essay examples
HIV/AIDS has been named a global epidemic, which has not only affected many developing countries but specifically has had a tremendous impact on South Africa. It has been one of the leading causes of death and continues as a public health concern which needs to be controlled. To be able to understand the role of health campaigns in South Africa and their efficacy, an understanding of what South Africa is facing is essential. The purpose of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the current HIV/AIDS situation in South Africa, explain the role of global recognition and awareness, and the impact and efficacy of a public and educational health campaign that are both supported by international organizations and local government.
HIV/AIDS in South Africa
South Africa has one of the highest HIV/AIDS prevalence in the world, which is closely associated with the lack of adequate health care. (CIAWorld Factbook) As defined by the CDC, human immunodeficiency virus, also known as HIV, is a virus that gradually attacks the immune system, which is our body’s natural defense against illness. If left untreated it can take around 10-15 years for AIDS to develop, which is when HIV severely damages the body. AIDS stands for acquired immune deficiency syndrome and is referred to as advanced HIV infection or late-stage HIV. (CDC) Statistics show that about seven million people are living with HIV and just in 2015, there were 380,000 new HIV infections and 180,000…