Immanuel Kant's Ethical Theory

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From the word Kantian, ascribed from the Greek Philosopher, Immanuel Kant. The 18th Century Philosopher is one of the most significant contributors to ethical theory and part of the Enlightenment movement. Kantianism emphasizes on the principles behind actions rather than an action’s results. Kant famously brought Rationalism and Empiricism together; and thus is credited with the ‘Copernican Revolution in Philosophy’. Kant’s theory is an example of a deontological moral theory, derived from the word “deon” which means obligation or duty, which is a study of the normative ethical position that judges the morality of an action based on rules. In this ethical theory there are two base questions which Kantians refer to as guide, which they should …show more content…
He said here also that we cannot doubt our own knowledge.
• Synthetic A Priori Statements - This was counter to the views of many empiricists of the time. Kant argued that the synthetic a priori was essential because it was a part of our cognitive equipment. Synthetic a priori truths are those essential truths that are necessary conditions for knowledge to be possible at all.
• Phenomena and Noumena - The phenomenal world is in contrast to what Kant calls the noumenal world. A consequence of Kant's theory of phenomena and noumena is that the world we know and live in is the phenomenal world that our own minds organize and synthesize from the multiplicity of data.
C. Application Kant argues that one can have moral worth (i.e., be a good person) only if one is motivated by morality example, a person is good or bad depending on the motivation of their actions and not on the goodness of the consequences of those actions, some of those actions needs "motivation" I mean what caused you to do the action (i.e., your reason for doing it).. In other words, if a person's emotions or desires cause them to do something, then that action cannot give them moral worth. This may sound odd, but there is good reason to agree with Kant, this is what Kant’s arguing about which is the basic

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