The Criminal Justice Process Essay

2678 Words Jan 25th, 2015 11 Pages
The Criminal Justice Process
Edith Lewis
Criminal Law & Procedure (BLJ1442A)
Agustin Pena
November 15, 2014

The Criminal Justice Process
Even though the defendant can be found guilty at his trial he, has the right to to file an appeal to see if legal errors occurred which could possibly affect the outcome of the verdict or the trial. The first step in the criminal justice process is the investigation and plea negotiations begin after the defendant is charged and a trial is set when the plea negotiations fail. The defendant has an arraignment hearing where he is allowed to enter a plea of guilty, not guilty, or no contest. In this step probable cause is established with the evidence that is gathered so that an arrest can be
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In order for this to happen they must have probable cause. Law enforcement must believe that a crime has been committed and that the suspect that they are about to arrest has committed the crime. Before arresting the suspect they must have an arrest warrant to make the arrest. Criminal Justice Process, 2014 noted that, “Some instances when an arrest warrant is not needed is when a person commits the crime in the presence of a law enforcement officer or if the officer has probable cause that the person has committed the crime” (The Criminal Justice Process, 2014).
Criminal Justice Process, 2014 noted that, “Law enforcement can arrest a person in a public place with or without an arrest warrant” (The Criminal Justice Process, 2014). Once the suspect is arrested law enforcement has 24 to 48 hours to charge the suspect with the crime. If the person is not charged with that 24 to 48 hour time frame they can be released, depending on the state in which the suspect resides.
The criminal justice process begins when the information or the complaint is filed. Criminal Justice Process, 2014 noted that, “When charges are filed the accused can be held pending an arraignment hearing and the setting of bail” (The Criminal Justice Process, 2014). In some states a grand jury indictment is used to decide if there is probable cause. In some states the judge decides if there is probable cause to

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