Essay on The Crescent Moon Disease : Sickle Cell Anemia

788 Words Feb 10th, 2015 4 Pages
The Crescent Moon Disease: Sickle Cell Sickle cell anemia is a disease that is passed throughout families. Sickle cell affects the red blood cells, which cause the blood cells to look like a crescent moon instead of looking like a disc, like the photo included above. There are two types of Sickle cell: Sickle Cell Anemia and Sickle Cell- Hemoglobin C. Sickle Cell Anemia is the less severe one out of the two. Sickle Cell Anemia affects many racial and ethnic groups. One in four hundred African-American newborns have this disease in the United States. African- Americans are not the only group that gets affected. Hispanics, people of the Mediterranean, Middle Eastern descent, and also Asians are affected by this disease.
There are several symptoms for this disease. Some are very severe. These include: strokes, blockage of blood flow in spleen and liver and severe infections. Those are not the only symptoms for this disease. The other symptoms are severe pain, anemia, chest pain, and difficulty breathing, joint pain, and arthritis and bone infarctions. Pain episodes are among the most troublesome and frequent complications of Sickle cell. During a pain episode, patients will experience severe pain in the back and abdomen. These are both frightening and uncomfortable for the person experiencing it. Pain episodes are spontaneous or they start with association to physical and psychological stress. Fortunately there are treatments for the episodes, but they are just typical…

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