The Court Case Of Plessy V. Ferguson Essay

1298 Words Oct 14th, 2015 null Page
Separate but equal is a common phrase heard throughout history based on the discrimination against African Americans at that time. This ideology of segregation was especially enforced by the U.S. Supreme Court case of Plessy v. Ferguson in 1896. The case starts with Homer Plessy’s decision to sit on the white only side on the railroads even though he is a person of color. Plessy ended up being arrested for his refusal of sitting on the seats for African Americans since it is a Louisiana law to use facilities designed for one’s race. To defend himself, Plessy argues that segregation of people is a violation of his freedom. Judge John Ferguson upheld the trial, and the court ruled against Plessy since the segregation of color did not violate his rights. To determine this ruling, the court had to decide if there is conflict between the 13th and 14th amendment for Plessy’s plead of innocence. The 13th amendment abolished slavery and involuntary service while the 14th amendment guarantees everyone has protection of the laws. With the separate but equal doctrine as the basis of the court’s decision, it was decided that segregation does not conflict with the two amendments. Judge Ferguson does not see separate but equal as a breach in a person’s rights since the separation of races still hold value to equal protection for everyone. People in the trial determined that society is able to reach equality by keeping separated from each other. As a result, Plessy is found guilty.…

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