The Counter-Reformation Or The Catholic Revival: Response To The Protestant Reformation

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The Counter-Reformation, or the Catholic Revival was a period in church history from 1600 AD to 1960 AD and it was a response to the Protestant Reformation. The Protestant Reformation was a split from the Roman Catholic Church which began with Martin Luther followed by John Calvin and others (The Reformation - Facts & Summary - H...). It is said that the Protestant Reformation had begun with the publication of the “95 Theses” by Martin Luther(The Reformation - Facts & Summary - H...). The Protestant Reformation and the Counter Reformation are said to have roughly occurred during the same period (Counter-Reformation | religious history ; Counter-Reformation | religious history ). The Counter-Reformation was established to revise the church with …show more content…
To resolve and stabilize the Catholic Church, they came up with reforms such as the foundation of seminaries for priest to have legitimate guidance in their spiritual life and to educate them on the traditions of the Church. Another objective discussed was religious order. Religious Orders at the time benefitted the church in so many ways. These orders put their time into helping the sick and needy in their local communities. Some of these orders include, Capuchins, Ursulines, Theatines, Discalced, Carmelites, Barnabites, and the Jesuits(Important religious orders and the Co...). The Theatines were an order made up of devout priest who commenced to check the spread of heresy and subsidized to the regeneration of the clergy. The Ursulines concentrated on the importance of education for girls. Jesuits were a major key at this time, they were given papal authorization under Paul III. Their order was coordinated along military lines and they were a great representation of having power in an enthusiastic manner(Important religious orders and the Co...; Important religious orders and the Co...). A third objective the church had examined was spiritual movements. Having spiritual movements comes major figures, this reform was not only about policies and politics but some important characters include, Teresa of Avila, John of the Cross, Francis de Sales, Philip Neri, and Ignatius of Loyola. The fourth and final objective deliberated on was the political aspect. One of the most considerable political occasion was the Roman Inquisition. The Roman Inquisition was a organization of justice by the Holy See who were subject to prosecuting human beings incriminated with a variety of crimes complementary to, blaspheming, immorality, heresy, sorcery, witchcraft, and judaizing(Important religious orders and the Co...; Important religious orders and the Co...; Historical Overview

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