The Contrast and Comparison Between the Ancient Greeks and Romans

1489 Words Mar 8th, 2013 6 Pages
The ancient Greeks and Roman civilizations both began their histories with the emergence of city states. Both of these civilizations made contributions to the Middle East. The Greeks had made a wild spread of discoveries on several fields. This included astronomy by Ptolemy, geometry by Euclid, and the philosophy of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius of his Stoic philosophy. Because the Greeks were widely known as a creative and prestigious race, the Romans were influenced by the Iliad (Homer’s legendary poem) that their religious beliefs were similar. Roman, on the other hand, influenced how other empires would be shaped in Middle East for centuries. Indeed, the Roman Empire formed a centralized state with a set of law, and a powerful …show more content…
Rome, by contrast, became the central authority of the Roman Empire. During 500 BC, Rome expanded its territory slow and steadily and lead to the Punic war with Carthage from 264BC to 146BC. By the time of Caesar’s death (44BC), Rome conquered territories throughout the Mediterranean Sea from the west coast to the east coast. Significantly, Greek had a period time similar to Caesar’s conquering. It was the end of the 4th Century BC, under the leadership of Alexander the Great Greek had conquered territories include Persia, India, Egypt and made the Greet civilization the common culture of the Mediterranean and the Near Eastern World. The social structure in Rome was viewed as hierarchical with slaves at the bottom and freedmen above them. Freedmen were divided by class among the patricians which was the one percent of the population who control the government and held most of the wealth. And the plebian were a lower class of those patricians which conducted the rest of the population and they were mainly poor. On the contrary, free, land-owning and native-born men could be the citizen of the city state. Apparently, it was different from the Rome that social prominence in Greek did not allow any special rights. In Rome, the Italians gained their rights during the civil war. After the civil war the poor had representatives, the Tribunes in 367BC, in the government which spoke for their

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