The Continuity Of Early And Early Attachment Styles Essay

1263 Words May 13th, 2016 null Page
The continuity of early and late attachment styles has been widely studied and debated for many years. Attachment history has been shown to affect the capacity for emotional regulation, the growth of self-reliance and the emergence of social competence, and is believed to explain the origins of social and emotional behaviour (Sroufe, 2005; Lewis, Feiring & Rosenthal, 2000). Because of these impacts, developmental psychologists have sought to determine if there is continuity between infant and adult attachment styles and what factors influence this change or continuity. From this research two opposing theories have been developed. The first from Bowlby, describes attachment styles as stable across time and only open to change after the experience of significant attachment-related experiences (Waters, Merrick, Treboux, Crowell & Albersheim, 2000). Conversely, others argue that attachment styles are evolving and updated in light of experiences (Fraley, 2002). In this essay it will be argued that attachment styles are evolving and are open to change after the first year of life.
Attachment seeks to explain aspects of the origins of social and emotional behaviour (Sroufe, 2005). Bowlby suggested that during infancy, humans develop expectations and beliefs, what he called internal working models, of themselves, others and the world based on their interactions with their primary caregivers (Hamilton, 2000). If caregivers are generally responsive, warm and consistently available,…

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