The Conservation Protection And Conservation Of Natural Areas

2308 Words Oct 5th, 2016 10 Pages
Ecotourism is closely linked to the preservation and conservation of natural areas. This paper will look at two regions, the Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) in Nepal and the Mkomazi National Park in Tanzania. The two regions have both implemented conservation initiatives, and have a strong relationship with tourism. This paper will examine community conservation in the ACA (ACA) that draws on Hulme and Murphree 's (1999) idea of “new conservation”, which involves “the merging of conservation and development goals”, conservation to be “based in society” and the notion that the “achievement of conservation goals requires that ‘people and parks’ be good neighbours “ (Hulme and Murphree, 1999, p.280). Additionally, it will examine an older fortress mentality approach to conservation in the Mkomazi National Park, this approach focuses “preserving wildlife and their habitat through the forceful exclusion of local people who have traditionally relied on the environment in question for their livelihoods” (Igoe, 2002). To evaluate which methods leads to a better practice of ecotourism, the two concepts of conservation will be compared using studies from the ACA (ACA) in Nepal and the Mkomazi National Park in Tanzania. Firstly, to understand the importance of conservation methods and the association to tourism the relationship between tourism and conservation, with focus on ecotourism, in the ACA (ACA) and Mkomazi National Park,Tanzania will be explored. The concept of tourism as…

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