The Consequences Of Underage Drinking Causes And Risks

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Second, the minimum drinking age of 21 reduces deaths associated with alcohol.
“Underage drinking is a leading contributor to death from injuries, which are the main cause of death for people under age 21” (“Underage Drinking” National Institutes of Health).
“Over 300,000 deaths have been prevented as a result of reductions in alcohol-impaired driving, more than the reduction attributed to increases in the use of safety belts, airbags, motorcycle, and bicycle helmets combined” (“Rebecca (Beckie) Brown, 1940-2012”). Death does not only result when drinking and driving, but alcohol unintentional injuries. Researchers found that “1,825 college students between the ages of 18 and 24 die from alcohol-related unintentional injuries, including motor-vehicle
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Underage drinkers are more likely to be sexually active and to have unsafe unprotected sex. Many who engage in sexual activity while drinking report having unprotected sex....nearly 30 percent of 15- to 17-year-olds and 37 percent of 18- to 24-year-olds say they drink even though they know they may have sex when they are intoxicated and would not when sober” (Hanes). Having unprotected sex can result in pregnancies and sexually transmitted disease such as HIV and AIDS. It was found that teenagers who consumed alcohol were more likely to engage in sexual activity and contract an STD because of impaired decision-making capabilities. “Half of all new cases of HIV/AIDS” are from adolescents (Hanes). Drinking while pregnant has a high risk of having babies with FAS disorder known as Fetal Alcohol Spectrum. These children often face “developmental delays and have other birth defects, including abnormal facial features, growth deficiencies, and central nervous system problems” (Hanes). When kids with Fetal Alcohol Syndrome grow up they can face many physical and behavior problems such as trouble with learning and remembering things, controlling emotions, and daily life skills, such as feeding and bathing. Although there is no cure for FAD’s treatments can help with some symptoms and behavior therapy. Also, underage drinkers have more sexual activity than nondrinkers. According to the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, “frequent heavy drinkers were more likely than nondrinkers to have had sexual intercourse (87 percent versus 34 percent), sex before age 13 (18 percent versus 5 percent)...” (Hanes). When a youth drinks alcohol it increases the risk of getting a sexually transmitted disease and having unprotected sex resulting in pregnancies with

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