The Consequences Of Cognitive Development For Going To College

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Psychologist such as Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget have shown how humans learn and develop throughout the life span (Berger, 2014). A lot of cognitive developmental theories, however, seem to put much focus and emphasis on the early years of life, such as childhood, and then decline on the amount of analysis and information in later life stages such as emerging adulthood and adulthood. Around emerging adulthood when going to college is a valid choice, does any cognitive development happens due to going to college? Around the 1950s and 1960s, William G. Perry, Jr. (1999) conducted a longitudinal study of university students going through their four years of education through a series of interviews and created Perry’s theory of intellectual development …show more content…
182). Perry (1999) described his scheme as “chronicl[ing] the course of an aesthetic yearning to apprehend a certain kind of truth: the truth of the limits of man’s certainty” (p. 63). In Perry’s Scheme, there are nine positions and those positions are divided into three groups, and the basics of the scheme are that college students start at Dualism, then move onto Relativism, and then achieve Commitment (Perry, 1969 & 1999). The Dualism group is basically a narrow mind way of thinking, Relativism shows that there is no absolute truth, and Commitment displays that a person sticks to what they believe is true, but respects and is open to new ideas. Although his study showed that students are dualistic in their first year of college and later in their four years of college follow the path to Commitment (Perry, 1999), this is only valid for four year universities. What about community college students and the diversity found today? Community colleges only prove a two year experience since the highest degree you can obtain from them is an associate …show more content…
The amount of time it took to interview students, compiling the data, finding patterns within the interviews to make a conclusion, and then finally creating nine positions now called Perry’s Scheme is extraordinary. Just reading each position explains a lot on why certain students are so stubborn to change or be open to new ideas as suppose to others. Although Perry had a very small number of students to test his theory with the six judges, the results prove that the theory has ground and that students do move to higher positions as they move to higher education. Perry, however, did not take into account into other factors like different age groups or ethnicity in his study. Future research has, however, filled this gap and shows that Perry’s Scheme is still valid and useful to

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