The Conflict Of San Salvadoran Gangs Essay examples

1755 Words Nov 15th, 2016 8 Pages
San Salvador, El Salvador is home to over a quarter million people. But, San Salvador is also home to a huge criminal network of gang activity. These gangs are also known locally as maras or pandillas. These gangs engage in petty crimes such as such as purse snatching, robbery, taxing bus drivers and small stores in their neighborhoods, as well as small-scale drug distribution in certain parts of the city in order to fund themselves economically. In the past two decades, these gangs have not only gained in prominence but also in violence. The prominence that San Salvadoran gangs have gained is due, in part, to the severe social and economical disadvantages plaguing the poorest citizens of San Salvador.
A large contributor to the unrest in San Salvador was the Salvadoran Civil War that plagued the country from October 15, 1979, to January 16, 1992. The conflict was between the military-led government of El Salvador and the Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN), a coalition of five left-wing guerrilla groups. It began in March of 1972 when an unsuccessful coup against the regime of President Fidel Sanchez Hernandez (Tardancio). The aftermath of the bloody coup reached the conflict level of a minor intra-state incident. After the coup, right-wing militia government repression prevailed while civilian support of radical leftist groups grew. Several organizations were involved in the growing intra-state conflict such as, the ERP (Ejército Revolucionario del pueblo,…

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