The Conflict Between The Middle East And The Rise Of Isis As A Global Threat

1889 Words Apr 27th, 2016 8 Pages
In The Rise of the Islamic State, Patrick Cockburn, award-winning Irish journalist, investigates instability in the Middle East and the rise of ISIS as a global threat. Volatility in the Middle East began long ago with a centuries-old schism involving Sunni and Shia Islamists. ISIS is a present-day Sunni jihadist group, targeting Shia in Syria and Iraq. The group also threatens anyone who is “targeted as an ‘apostate’ or ‘polytheist’ or who is simply against its rule.” Cockburn brings to light the sudden rise of this new insurgency, the lack of concern from the general public, and the government’s inability to combat the revolts.
Wahhabism, an Islamic religion based on the Qur’an, has dominated the Sunni belief system. Wahhabism regulates Shia Muslims as non-Muslims and sentences all non-Muslims to persecution. This religious intolerance has been the foundation for conflict between these two Islamist groups for some time. However, the US invasion of 2003 in Iraq and the war in Syria since 2011 have reshaped the politics of this conflict, resulting in extreme outbursts and rising support for decentralized al ’Qaeda affiliates and extremist groups such as ISIS. The war in Syria destabilized neighboring Iraq, which gave ISIS a “battlefield where they could fight and flourish.” ISIS found even greater strength from their terrain by utilizing the Euphrates and Tigris river valleys to operate in northern and western Iraq and eastern Syria. The rivers allow ISIS forces…

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