Essay on The Conclusion Of The 1861 Civil War

1724 Words Apr 23rd, 2015 7 Pages
The conclusion of the 1861 Civil War was the first step towards black rights, which changed the titles of blacks from “property” to “citizen”. Although blacks were granted freedom from the oppression of slavery, they were still oppressed legislatively by the Jim Crow laws. These laws displayed major segregation between the whites and blacks through racial separations “from classrooms and bathrooms, from theaters and train cars, from juries and legislatures” (Foner & Garraty). This proved that the end of slavery was not the end of oppression, which frustrated many blacks. They were forced to obey the unjust word of government like they had to before their emancipation. The more the whites mistreated blacks as undesired dirt, the greater their desire for retaliation intensified.
Peacefully guiding this need for retaliation was Martin Luther King Jr., a prominent speaker for black rights. A civilized and educated leader, he borrowed “nonviolent tactics used by the Indian nationalist Mahatma Gandhi” (Foner & Garraty). Delivering power through peace, King gained the support of many with his endless effort and passionate proposals for black rights. With enough support and organization King organized “the formation [of the] 1957 of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference” (Davis). Unlike many restless blacks of the mid-1900s like Malcolm X, King sought unification in a different way, through peace. The 1950s is noted as the rise of prominent black figures for the rise…

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