How Does Terrorism Affect The Society

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The concept of terrorism has been evident throughout history. Terrorism, deriving from the term “terror”, (Giddens : 2009 : 1055) refers to using unauthorised violence and intimidation, causing fear within populations, normally in pursuit of a political goal. Terrorism is therefore using methods of violence to terrorise countries or populations for the purpose to destabilise governmental power and to show forms of national - identity. Terrorism is a subject well studied within the fields of law, political studies and international studies, (Deflem : 2004:75) for the purpose of counter terrorism policy making, Typically, terrorism has been understudied in field of sociology, However, since the terrorist attacks on New York and Washington by …show more content…
As the concept of terrorism principally started to gain attention to the people after global attacks, such as the bombings in England, Madrid and 9/11. Thus, it is appropriate to assume that with globalisation, terrorism is a growing concern in an individuals life. Mythen and Walklate refers to the work of Beck (1992) and his concept of “Risk society”. To understand how nations attempt to regulate terrorism and provide security to citizens, we need to consider different effects that terrorism has on the government level as well as at the public level. This is why the concept of risk society referring to the methods that pressent day society respond to risk, is rightly employed because there work they reflect on all probable occurrence that the government may face while imposing regulations. For instance, they referred to the globalisation process of terrorism, and how boundaries are defeated because of technology and industrial development. (Mythen and Walklate 2008 : 224) This example does not only talk about the weapons used, or technology to pass informations but introduces the notion of time and space. Barbaby furthers this notion, by stating that terrorist organisation involved and persuaded by the movement al- Queda would be believed to live in 60 different countries (Barbaby 2002 ; 131). Hence, it is complex to regulate terrorist attempts due to their unpredictable …show more content…
This essay has only discussed a few concepts around the topic. The historical conceptualization of terrorism used by Turk and Giddens help us understand how terrorism evolved and distinguish between “old and new” terrorism. The Weberian theoretical approach employed by Deflem, supported by the comparative analysis of Hotchkiss, contributes to the idea of terrorism explaining the shift of government attention towards counterterrorism from a traditional approach to a rational approach. Moreover, the notion of “risk society” studied by Beck and employed in Mythen and Walklate in their own research, leads us to the “culture of fear” that Furedi initiated. This culture of fear then guides us to the media coverage is the principal actor in the transmission of fear to the public. Overall, it is seen that the majority of research undertaken regarding terrorism is theoretical and empirical data. The diversity of the approaches made with regards to terrorism could lead to an overlapping of conclusions, thus creating confusion. The important aspect that needs to be considered more in this study is the fact that all nations have cultural

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